The damage to the Boeing 777 forward fuselage and cockpit section appears to "indicate that there were impacts from a large number of high-energy objects from outside". The observation was made based on pictures taken of parts of the wreckage which shows "multiple holes and indentations".
Nowhere in the Dutch report was there even a hint that the airliner was downed by a missile. Yet the media continue to take this line of speculation:
Note that MH17 was pierced in numerous places by a large number of high-energy objects. Nowhere did the report say that the objects were large.
The view tendered so far is that a surface-to-air missile (SAM) fired from the ground and guided by radar to "lock on" to its target had exploded in close proximity (as designed) to the airliner, hence the embedded objects were shrapnels from the missile:
I found this longish article in The Moscow Times (read also the readers' comments), which adds to the intrigue!...